I'd like to list some everyday words that are used for greetings as they tend to break the ice with local people.
Salam Alaikom- means "peace be upon you", you use this when greeting someone.
Wa Alaikom Salam- the answer used to return the greeting after someone says Salam Alaikom.
Shwaya- means little (as in amount)
Wyed- means alot (as in amount)
Here are the numbers :
1- wahed, 2- ithnain, 3- thalatha, 4- arbaa, 5- khamsa, 6- sitta, 7- sabaa, 8- thamaniah
9- tisaa, 10- ashraa
The days of the week:
Sunday- yumaal ahad, Monday- yumaal athnain, Tuesday- yumath thulatha
Wednesday- yumaal arbia, Thursday- yumal khamees
Friday- yumal jumah, Saturday- yumas sabt
Hope this helps!